head
Fruit and Vegetable specifications
PRODUCTS Water
Contents
% (Wt.)
Highest
Freezing
Point (Tf)
Specific Heat
Latent
Heat
of
Fusion
(Lh)

C
F
Above
Freezing

(Sa)
Below
Freezing

(Sb)
Cal/g
Btu/Lb
Apple

Wedgesthick
84 -1.1 29.3 0.87 0.45 67.0 121
Apricots

Whole
Halves
89
85
-1.1 30.1 0.88 0.46 67.8 122
Asparagus

Cut
Whole
93 -0.6 30.9 0.9 4 0.48 74.1 133
Avocados
65.4 31.5 0.72 0.40 94
Artichokes

Bottom Part
Jerusalem
84
79.5
-1.2
.
29.9
27.5
0.87
0.83
0.45
0.44
67.0
.
121
114
Bananas
74.8 30.6 0.80 0.42 108
Beans
67
Beer Keg, Bottle,Cans
90.2 28.0 0.92 129
Blackberries
85 -0.8 30.5 .88 .46 67.8 122
Blueberries
82 -1.6 29.7 .86 .45 65.4 118
Bread

Crumbs
32-37 0.7 0.34 46-53
Broccoli
90 -0.6 30.9 0.92 0.47 71.7 130
Butter
16 4 -31 0.50 23
Brussels Sprouts
84.9 -0.8 30.5 0.88 0.46 67.8 122
Cabbage
92.4 30.4 0.94 0.47 132
Cantaloupe
92
Carrots

Diced
88 -1.4 29.5 0.90 0.46 70.1 126
Cauliflower

Cuts, Before Blanch
92 -0.8 30.6 0.93 0.47 73.3 132
Cheese

Cubed, Granulated
31.0 0.45 0.29 44
Cherries
84 -1.8 28.8 0.87 .45 67.0 121
Coconut Shredded
46.9 30.4 0.58 0.34 67
Coffee

Green
10-15 0.30 0.24 14-21
Corn

Cut Sweet
74 -0.6 30.9 .79 .42 59.0 106
Cranberries, Fresh
87 -0.9 30.4 .90 .46 69.3 125
Cucumbers, Fresh
96.0 31.1 0.97 0.49 137
Cream 55-75 31.0 0.66-0.80 0.36-0.42 79-107
Currants, Red,
88 -1.0 30.2 0.88 0.45 67.8 120
Currants Black
88 -1.0 30.2 0.88 0.45 67.8 120
Dewberries

84.5 29.7 0.88
Dried Fruits
14.0-26.0 0.31-0.41 0.26 20.37
Eggplant
92.7 30.6 0.94 0.48 132
Endive (Escarole)
93.3 31.9 0.94 0.48 132
Figs

Dried
Fresh
24.0
78.0
27.6 0.39
0.82
0.27
0.43
34
112
Fish,
Fresh
Smoked
Brine Salted
Mild Cured
Shellfish

Fresh
Frozen
62-85
80-87
28.0
28.0
0.70-0.86
0.70
0.76
0.76
0.83-0.90
0.39
0.41
0.41
0.44-0.46
89-122
92
100
113-125
Gooseberries
89 -1.1 30.0 .91 .47 70.9 128
Garlic Dry
61.3 30.5 0.69 0.40 89
Grapefruit
88.8 30.0 0.91 0.49 126
Grapes
82 -2.1 28.1 .86 .45 65.4 118
Green Beans

Cut Green
89 -0.7 30.7 0.91 0.47 70.9 128
Guavas
83.0 0.86
Honey
18.0 0.35 0.26 26
Horseradish
73.4 28.7 0.78 0.42 104
Ice Cream
58-63 21.0 0.66-0.70 0.37-0.39
Kale
86.6 31.1 0.89 0.46 124
Kohlrabi
90.1 30.2 0.92 0.47 128
Lettuce
94.80 31.7 0.96 0.48 136
Leeks
85 -0.7 30.7 0.88 0.46 67.8 136
Limes
86.0 29.1 0.89 0.46 122
Loganberries
83 -1.6 29.7 .86 .45 65.4 118
Lychee
83
Mangoes
81.4 30.3 0.85 0.44 117
Maple Syrup
35.5 0.48 0.31 51
Melons, Cantalope

Melon Balls
dia

Casaba
Honeydew and Honey Ball
Persian
Watermelon
93
.
92.7
92.6
92.7
91.1
-1.1
.
.
.
.
.
29.9
.
30.1
30.3
30.5
30.4
0.94
.
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.93
0.48
.
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.47
74.1
.
.
.
.
.
133
.
132
132
132
130
Milk
Whole Powdered
Condensed Sweetened
Evaporated
2-3
28.0
74.0
5.0
29.5
0.42
0.79
0.36
0.28
0.42
4
40
106
Meat
Ground
Balls
Diced
Diced 3/8"
Bacon Cured (Farm Style)
Beef Fresh
Beef Frozen
Fat Backs
Hams and Shoulders Fresh

Frozen
Cured
Lamb Fresh
Lamb Frozen
Livers Frozen
Pork Fresh
Pork Frozen
Smoked Sausage
Veal Fresh
Veal Frozen
49
62.77
6-12
47-54
40-45
60-70
70.0
32-44
60.0
64-70
-2.2
29.0
28-29
28-29
28-29
28-29
28-29
.59
0.30-0.43
0.70-0.84
0.25-0.30
0.58-0.63
0.52-0.56
0.65-0.76
0.46-0.55
0.68
0.71-0.76
.35
0.24-0.29
0.38-0.43
0.22-0.24
0.34-0.36
0.32-0.33
0.38-0.51
0.41
0.30-0.33
0.38
0.39-0.41
39.1
70
18-41
89.110
9-17
67-77
57-64
80-100
100
46-63
80
92-100
Melons, Cantalope

Melon Balls
dia

Melon Cubes sq.
Casaba
Honeydew and Honey Ball
Persian
Watermelon
93
92.7
92.6
92.7
91.1
-1.1
29.9
30.1
30.3
30.5
30.4
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.93
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.47
74.1
133
132
132
132
130
Mushrooms
92
Nectarines
81.8 30.4
Nut
3-6 0.22-0.25 0.21-0.22 4-8
Okra

Whole
Cut
89.8
90
-1.8 28.7
28.7
0.92
0.92
0.46
0.47
71.7 128
129
Oleomargarine 15.5 0.32 0.25 22
Onions

Diced
Dry
Green
90
87.5
89.4
-0.9 30.6
30.6
30.4
0.91
0.90
0.91
0.47
0.46
70.9 128
124
Oranges, Whole
87.2 30.6 0.90 0.46 124
Orange Juice, Chilled
89.0 0.91 0.47 128
Papayas
90.8 30.4 0.82 0.47 130
Parsnips
78.6 30.4 0.84 0.44 112
Pears
82.7 29.2 0.86 0.45 118
Parsley, Chopped
85.10 -1.1 30.0 0.88 0.45 67.8 122
Paprika,

Whole
Sliced-3/8"
Diced-3/8"
92
Peaches, Freestone

Halves
Sliced
89.1
89
-0.9 30.3
30.3
0.90
0.91
0.46
0.47
70.9 124
128
Peppers

Chili Peppers, Whole
Dried
Sweet
92
12.0
92.4
30.7 0.30
0.94
0.24
0.47
17
132
Persimmons
78.2 28.1 0.84 0.43 112
Pineapple

Wedges to 1
Whole Rip
Diced
Sliced
Mature Green
85.3
85
-1.0 30.0
30.0
30.2
0.88
0.88
0.45
0.46
67.8 122
122
Plums
82.3 -0.8 30.5 .0.88 0.45 68.6 118
Pomegranates
26.6
Popcorn Unpopped
13.5 0.31 0.24 19
Potatoes

Diced & Blanched
Whole 1" Dia Blanched
Southern Style Hash brown
Croquettes
Frozen Strips:
3/8" Cut straight or Crinkle
Early Crop
Late Crop
81
81
75
81
75
81.2
77.8
-0.6
-0.6
30.9
30.9
30.9
30.9
0.85
0.80
0.85
0.82
0.44
0.43
0.44
0.43
64.6
64.6
59.8
64.6
59.8
116
116
108
116
108
116
111
Quinces
85.3 28.4 0.88 0.45 122
Radishes

Spring Prepackaged
Winter Prepackaged
93.6
93.6
30.7